Appendicitis: Frequently Asked Questions
What is appendicitis?
The appendix is a tube of lymphatic tissue and muscle that produces mucus for the cecum, the first part of the colon. Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes inflamed due to bacteria buildup either in a blockage (i.e. buildup of mucus or fecal matter in the appendix, or lymphatic tissue in the cecum) or a rupture. Uncontrolled inflammation can cause the appendix to rupture, spreading infection into nearby tissues (called a peri-appendiceal abscess). ...
it hurts allot! it hurts allot! can't go outside from my body the perks! the perks! as I abide to the Guide of doctor. Appendicitis was first recognised as a disease entity in the sixteenth century and was called perityphlitis. Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. If untreated, an inflamed appendix can burst, causing infection, abscess, severe peritonitis and even death. Appendicitis can affect people at any age. It is most common in people ages 10 to 30.
Appendicitis is a sudden inflammation of the appendix. The appendix is generally located on the right side of the abdomen, and is a structure that is situated at the junction of the small and large intestine.
Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix , a part of the large intestine, becomes infected and inflamed. Experts do not know what the appendix does in the body, but most of the time it does not cause problems. About 8 out of 100 people will get appendicitis sometime during their lives. It is most common in people ages 10 to 30, but it can happen at any age.
Is appendicitis preventable?
There is no known way to prevent appendicitis. However, if you are able to recognize appendicitis symptoms, you can prevent serious appendicitis complications from occurring. Removing the appendix is the only sure cut way of preventing appendicitis. This may be done if intrabdominal surgery is being performed for other reasons and the appendix is removed incidentally but it is not practiced as a routine.
There are no medically proven ways to prevent appendicitis. However, appendicitis is found to be less common in people who eat foods containing fiber and roughage such as raw vegetables and fruits. Back to Top
It is only prevented by removing the appendix. This may be done if other intrabdominal surgery is being performed for other reasons but is not typically done.
What are the Complications of appendicitis?
The most serious complication of appendicitis is an infection of the lining of your abdominal cavity (peritonitis). This may occur if your appendix ruptures (perforates) and the contents of your intestines and infectious organisms invade the peritoneal cavity. Peritonitis is a medical emergency. Sometimes, infection and the seepage of intestinal contents may form an abscess, a walled-off area of infection (appendiceal abscess), it requires surgery before the abscess itself perforates, causing peritonitis.
How is appendicitis diagnosed?
The most important things needed for diagnosis are the history and the physical exam. Of importance is where and when the pain started and how it has progressed.
What are some of the signs of appendicitis?
When the abdomen is gently pressed in the painful area, and then the pressure is suddenly released, the pain increases (rebound tenderness). Touching the abdomen may cause spasm of the abdominal muscles if peritonitis is developing. Rectal examination causes pain that is localized on the right side. The Psoas sign is positive--the person is placed on his (her) back in a supine position and the legs are extended straight. Tapping the heels or jarring the leg upwards causes increased pain on the right side of the abdomen.
What is the best treatment of appendicitis?
Best treatment of appendicitis is its surgical removal. Mild appendicitis may sometimes be cured with antibiotics. More serious cases are treated with surgery to remove the appendix, called an appendectomy. Doctors may use laparoscopic surgery for appendectomy. This technique involves making several tiny cuts in the abdomen and inserting a miniature camera and surgical instruments. The surgeon then removes the appendix with the instruments, so there is usually no need to make a large incision in the abdomen.
What is the cause of appendicitis?
The cause of appendicitis is usually unknown. It may occur after a viral infection in the digestive tract or when the opening connecting the large intestine and appendix is blocked. The inflammation can cause infection, a blood clot, or rupture of the appendix. Because of the risk of rupture, appendicitis is considered an emergency. Anyone with symptoms needs to see a doctor immediately.
Appendix is a blind muscular tube present at the junction of small intestines with large intestines. 80% of cases of acute appendicitis are caused due to obstruction of lumen of appendix. The reason of obstruction could be a faecolith (i.e. hard faceal matter), worms if present in the intestines and rarely a foreign body.
What are the symptoms of appendicitis?
McBurney described the clinical findings in 1889. The symptoms of appendicitis can initially be difficult to differentiate from an intestinal flu, which is commonly called gastroenteritis. Early symptoms may include vague bloating, indigestion and mild pain, which generally are perceived as being in the area of the umbilicus (belly-button). ...
How is appendicitis treated?
If the diagnosis is in question, close observation within the first 8 to 12 hours after the onset of symptoms is indicated.
What is the general treatment for appendicitis?
If the diagnosis is relatively clear, for uncomplicated appendicitis, surgery (appendectomy) is performed as soon as possible. Little preparation is required. If an abscess is suspected, the surgery may be delayed until antibiotic therapy has reduced the infection.
What is the meaning of appendicitis?
It means inflammation of appendix (swelling & infection). The term acute means sudden development of the inflammatory process.
What are the complications of acute appendicitis?
Intra abdominal abscess :: Gangrene and rupture of appendix :: Septicemia :: Shock & death s
What is appendicitis, and how is it treated?
Appendicitis is an infection of the appendix that can be treated through surgery. Symptoms often occur very quickly, many times over the course of one or two days. These symptoms may include the following: ~Pain from the center of your stomach to your lower right side ~Increased pain and pressure on your side as you walk ~Vomiting, nausea or decreased appetite ~Fever or fatigue ~Diarrhea or constipation As medication cannot cure appendicitis, an appendectomy is necessary to treat the condition. ...
Does appendicitis always present with typical symptoms?
Immunosuppressive therapy, Diabetes Mellitus, Chemotherapy and Obesity are some of the special conditions in which the patients may not have the typical set of symptoms for appendicitis and may simply experience a general feeling of being unwell.
Can appendicitis be treated with medicines?
In some cases, infections may cause the same symptoms as appendicitis. Therefore, if an appendicitis diagnosis is uncertain, people may be watched and sometimes receive antibiotics as appendicitis treatment. If the cause of the pain is an infection, symptoms should resolve with intravenous antibiotics and intravenous fluids. However, if the patient has appendicitis, the condition cannot be treated with antibiotics alone and will require surgery.
What are some of the later symptoms of appendicitis?
Fever, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, constipation, rectal tenderness, chills and shaking
Can I prevent appendicitis?
There’s no known way to prevent appendicitis. Anyone can get it, but it occurs more often between the ages of 10 and 30. Appendicitis occurs when the appendix gets blocked, leading to inflammation. Talk to your doctor immediately if you think you may have an inflamed appendix.
Are there any tests used to diagnose appendicitis?
A blood test (CBC) may show an elevated white blood cell count which suggests infection or inflammation but is nonspecific. An ultrasound may show inflammation of the appendix but is not very sensitive. An x-ray is rarely helpful.
What causes Appendicitis?
Appendicitis is caused by obstruction of the neck of the appendix by feces (fecalith), a foreign body, or a tumor.
It is not clear why people get appendicitis. Infection in the appendix causes appendicitis. But doctors and scientists are not sure what causes the infection. In many cases, a small object (such as a hard piece of stool) blocks the opening to the appendix. Then bacteria can grow in the appendix and cause an infection.
How common is appendicitis?
Appendicitis is one of the most common causes of emergency abdominal surgery in children. For every 1000 children under 18 in the U.S., 4 appendectomies are done annually. It occurs more often in males than females. The incidence peaks in the late teens and early twenties. Appendicitis is uncommon under age two but can occur.
How a diagnosis of acute appendicitis is made?
The features of acute pain abdomen shifting to right lower abdomen with nausea, vomiting, fever and increased cell count indicates acute appendicitis which is the commonest abdominal emergency. There are various other conditions, which can mimic acute appendicitis. A prompt medical advice is mandatory to avoid the complications of acute appendicitis which can even become life threatening if the appendix ruptures.
What should you do if you or your child have the typical symptoms of appendicitis?
Call your physician immediately or go to the emergency room to be examined.
What are the potential benefits of MIP over conventional surgery for appendicitis?
MIP appendectomies have significant benefits over conventional surgeries. These benefits include a quicker recovery time; a shorter hospital stay so you can get back to your life quicker; and less pain and scarring. More information about the benefits of MIP for appendectomy is provided here . To learn about the risks and complications associated with MIP for appendectomy, as well as with conventional surgery in general, click here . Do you need your to have appendix removed? ...