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Ativan, Lorazepam (generic): Frequently Asked Questions

Why is Ativan prescribed?

Ativan is used to relieve anxiety, nervousness, and tension associated with anxiety disorders. It is also used to treat certain types of seizure disorders and to relieve insomnia. Ativan may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.

Is there an FDA advisory about using lorazepam in children?

No, there is no FDA advisory on using lorazepam in children, but in 2006 the FDA approved a change in the label for Ativan requested by Baxter. This label change added wording to the PRECAUTIONS section noting that "gasping syndrome" has been associated with the administration of other intravenous solutions containing benzyl alcohol to neonates and that this is also a preservative used in IV lorazepam solutions. ...

Can Lorazepam be used instead of valium for cluster seizures?

From the annual ACVIM forum in Charlotte, NC: Christopher Mariani presented an abstract on the pharmacology of intranasal lorazepam in normal dogs. Lorazepam is a benzodiazepine that is normally administered by vein. It doesn’t work well when given rectally because the liver inactivates most of the drug. They found that giving the drug into the nose bypasses the liver and obtains good blood levels. ...

Q) What is Ativan?

A) Ativan is the brand name for Lorazepam, an anti-anxiety agent. Ativan is a benzodiazepine and mild tranquilizer, sedative, and central nervous system (CNS) depressant. Ativan is manufactured in pill form as well as liquid form for injection.

Q) What are the symptoms of Ativan overdose?

A) The symptoms of Ativan overdose are degrees of central nervous system depression ranging from drowsiness to coma. In mild cases, symptoms include drowsiness, mental confusion, and lethargy. In more serious cases, and especially when other drugs or alcohol were ingested, symptoms may include ataxia, hypotonia, hypotension, hypnotic state, stage one (1) to three (3) coma, and very rarely, death.

Q) Is Ativan considered addictive?

A) Yes, Ativan is very addictive and can cause psychological and physical dependence.

Q) What are the side effects of Ativan?

A) There are many side effects that come with the use and abuse of Ativan, they included but are not limited to: clumsiness, dizziness, sleepiness, unsteadiness, weakness, amnesia, insomnia, agitation, disorientation, depression, headache, visual problems, nausea, abdominal discomfort, drowsiness, blurred vision, tachycardia, weakness, disinhibition (where they act inappropriately grandiose or out-of-control), anterograde amnesia (decreased or lack of recall of events during period of drug action) has been reported afte... ...

Q) How is Ativan used?

A) Ativan tablets are a nearly white powder and are almost insoluble in water. Each Ativan tablet intended for oral use contains .5mg, 1mg, or 2mg of lorazepam. In liquid form Ativan is intended for intramuscular or intravenous use. Each ml or Ativan injection contains either 2.0 or 4.0 mg of lorazepam, 0.18 ml polyethylene glycol 400 in propylene glycol with 2.0% benzyl alcohol as preservative.

How should I use Ativan?

Take Ativan exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you. Take each dose with a full glass of water. Do not take more than is prescribed for you. Ativan is habit forming. You can become physically and psychologically dependent on the medication. Store Ativan at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What are the potential side effects of Ativan?

If you experience any of the following serious side effects, stop taking Ativan and seek emergency medical attention or contact your doctor immediately: An allergic reaction; Sores in the mouth or throat, Yellowing of the skin or eyes, A rash, Hallucinations or severe confusion or, Changes in vision. Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. ...

What is lorazepam?

• Lorazepam is in a class of drugs called benzodiazepines. Lorazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety, insomnia, and seizures. • Lorazepam is used to relieve anxiety, nervousness, and tension associated with anxiety disorders. It is also used to treat certain types of seizure disorders and to relieve insomnia (induce sleep). • Lorazepam may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.
Source: skmfaqs.net

Q) When are the effects of Ativan typically felt?

A) The effects of Ativan are usually felt one to five minutes after receiving it intravenously, 15 to 30 minutes after muscular injection, or 1 to 6 hours after oral administration.

Q) What drug interactions occur with Ativan?

A) Drugs or substances that may interact with Ativan include: 1. Clozaril (clozapine) - when taken with Ativan can increase side effects such as sedation and loss of coordination 2. Heparin, Macrolide antibiotics, Depakene (valproic acid), and Benemid (probenecid) - when taken with Ativan can increase its effects 3. Birth control pills, caffeine/amphetamines/other stimulants, and Theo-Dur (theophylline) - these drugs can reduce Ativan's effects 4. Lithium - when taken with Ativan can lower body temperature 5. ...

What should I do in case of overdosage with Ativan?

Look for emergency medical attention as soon as possible, if overdose with Ativan is suspected. Symptoms of an Ativan overdose include sleepiness, dizziness, confusion, a slow heart beat, difficulty breathing, difficulty walking and talking, an appearance of being drunk, and unconsciousness. ...

What should I discuss with my doctor before taking Ativan?

You should not take Ativan if you have narrow-angle glaucoma. Ativan may worsen this condition. Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you: have kidney disease; have liver disease; have asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or another respiratory disease; or are depressed or have suicidal thoughts. You may not be able to take Ativan, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above. Ativan is in the FDA pregnancy category D. ...

What should I avoid while taking Ativan?

Be careful when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities. Ativan will cause drowsiness and may cause dizziness. If you experience drowsiness or dizziness, avoid these activities. Keep away from alcohol while taking Ativan.

How should I take lorazepam?

• Take lorazepam exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you. • Take each oral dose with a full glass of water. • Lorazepam is also available as an injection. If you are using the injection at home, your healthcare provider will give you detailed instructions regarding preparation, administration, and storage of the injectable formulation. • Do not take more than is prescribed for you. • Lorazepam is habit forming. ...
Source: skmfaqs.net

What should I avoid while taking lorazepam?

• Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities. Lorazepam will cause drowsiness and may cause dizziness. If you experience drowsiness or dizziness, avoid these activities. • Avoid alcohol while taking lorazepam. Alcohol may increase drowsiness and dizziness caused by lorazepam. Alcohol may also increase the risk of a seizure if lorazepam is being taken for a seizure condition. ...
Source: skmfaqs.net

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking lorazepam?

• Do not take lorazepam if you have narrow-angle glaucoma. Lorazepam may worsen this condition. • Before taking lorazepam, tell your doctor if you ·have kidney disease; ·have liver disease; ·have asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or another respiratory disease; or ·are depressed or have suicidal thoughts. • You may not be able to take lorazepam, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment if you have any of the conditions listed above. • Lorazepam is in the FDA pregnancy category D. ...
Source: skmfaqs.net

What is the most important information I should know about lorazepam?

• Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities. Lorazepam will cause drowsiness and may cause dizziness. If you experience drowsiness or dizziness, avoid these activities. • Avoid alcohol while taking lorazepam. Alcohol may increase drowsiness and dizziness caused by lorazepam. Alcohol may also increase the risk of having a seizure if lorazepam is being taken for a seizure condition. • Lorazepam is habit forming. ...
Source: skmfaqs.net
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