Relevant answers to your frequent questions...

Morphine: Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between morphine, heroin and codeine?

Chemically speaking - nothing. All three of these drugs are derived from opium or the opium chemical structure and are in the Opiate class of drugs. The difference is primarily in the manner in which opium is refined or synthetically manufactured and the form and method of delivery.
Chemically, nothing. All three of these drugs are derived from opium or the opium chemical structure and are in the Opiate class of drugs. The difference is primarily in the manner in which opium is refined or synthetically manufactured and the form and method of delivery.
Source: bp.kmdc.ru
Chemically, nothing. All three of these drugs are derived from opium or the opium chemical structure and are in the opiate class of drugs. The difference is primarily in the manner in which opium is refined or synthetically manufactured and the form and method of delivery. Heroin is quickly metabolized to morphine. The body also changes codeine (used in some cold medicines) to morphine. Thus, the presence of morphine in the urine indicates heroin, morphine and/or codeine use.

Will morphine not cause addiction?

No, not if used properly. Medical science has clearly understood in the last few decades, that if morphine is used in doses adequate for pain relief, it does not cause addiction. The fear is totally unfounded.

Do all pains respond to morphine?

About one third of all pains fail to respond to morphine. Most neuropathic pains, for example, are only partially responsive to morphine. Assessment of the type of pain and evaluation of opioid sensitivity is therefore key to proper management of pain.

What is the difference between heroin and morphine?

Heroin, morphine and codeine are opiates derived from the resin of the opium poppy. Heroin is quickly metabolized to morphine. The body also changes codeine (used in some cold medicines) to morphine. Thus, the presence of morphine in the urine indicates heroin, morphine and/or codeine use.
Source: bp.kmdc.ru

What is the role of morphine in the management of cancer pain?

Morphine, a narcotic, is a very effective drug, which is used to control severe cancer pain. The dose is adjusted according to individual requirements. Morphine when used for controlling pain does not cause addiction. Some people may experience an initial drowsiness or nausea and vomiting which settle down within a week. Constipation is an often encountered side effect but it can be easily controlled with the appropriate use of laxatives. Morphine is not a freely available drug and can be dispensed only under a license. ...

What about testing for codeine and morphine?

Codeine and morphine are an opiate. When using either an iCup (4 panel or more) or Oral Fluids test, it will detect the use of codeine and/or morphine.

How about the risk of respiratory depression with oral morphine?

Used with reasonable caution, it is almost impossible to cause respiratory depression with oral morphine. The right dose of morphine is what is needed to relieve the pain. If this dose is exceeded, there are toxic signs like drowsiness, delirium and myoclonus. These serve as warning signs which prevent further consumption of the drug.

Is there a global shortage of poppy-based medicines such as morphine?

Yes. The actual global need for painkilling medicines is not reflected in official measurements of market demand. In particular, because most of the world’s population still has little access to painkilling medicines, the actual need for morphine remains largely unmet. Official figures from the International Narcotics Control Board show that just a handful of wealthy countries consume the great majority of the global supply of poppy-based medicines.

Which countries don’t have access to morphine?

Just six wealthy countries (the United States, France, Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Australia) use more than 80% of the world’s supplies of morphine medicines; the developing countries that account for more than 80% of the world’s population use just 5%. One of the main reasons for this discrepancy is affordability. ...

What are the procedures of applying a urine test of morphine or amphetamine to drugsters?

Restricted to measures of tests based on the regulations of Bureau of Controlled Drugs and deficiency of instruments to execute the urine test of morphine or amphetamine to drugsters, the local sanitary units have been outsourcing couple years ago. The Changhua county police department has been outsourcing the business since October of 1994.

What are the sources of a morphine positive other than poppy seeds?

Morphine can come from heroin use, codeine (morphine is a metabolite), or from using pure morphine.

Are Morphine, Opiates, and Heroin the same kind of drug?

Yes, they are all tested using the Opiates test. These drugs are from the same family of drugs.
Yes, they are all tested using the Opiates test / sometimes also referred to as a Morphine test..
Yes, they are all tested using the Opiates test. These drugs are from the same family of drugs. PREGNANCY AND OVULATION
Yes, they are all tested using the MOR test. These drugs are from the same family of drugs.
A Yes, they are all tested using the Opiates(Rapid Response) or Morphine (Instant-View) test. These drugs are from the same family of drugs. Drug Index Page for more Info.

Q) What is Morphine?

A) Morphine is a narcotic analgesic. Morphine was first isolated from opium in 1805 by a German pharmacist, Wilhelm Sertürner. Sertürner described it as the Principium Somniferum. He named it morphium - after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams. Today morphine is isolated from opium in substantially larger quantities - over 1000 tons per year - although most commercial opium is converted into codeine by methylation. On the illicit market, opium gum is filtered into morphine base and then synthesized into heroin.

Isn't morphine what is used for pain relief?

Morphine is only one of the drugs that are used to relieve pain. It does not work in all pains. Only about two-thirds of all pains can be adequately treated with morphine. It is important that the type of pain is identified and the appropriate drugs are used. And morphine is seldom used alone. It is combined with other appropriate painkillers depending on the type of pain. If morphine is used in pains that are not morphine-responsive, it will only make the patient sedated and cause side effects. ...

Will the patient on morphine be sedated for the rest of life?

No, certainly not. If morphine is used in morphine-responsive pain in the right dose, it does not cause sedation in the majority of cases. In fact the patient can often pursue a profession and lead a normal life while on morphine.

So there will be no withdrawal symptoms if morphine is stopped abruptly?

That is not correct either. There may be withdrawal symptoms if morphine is withdrawn abruptly from someone who has been on the drug for a long time. But withdrawal symptoms do not mean addiction. We have to distinguish between addiction and physical dependence which are two separate entities. In simple terms, addiction can be described as psychological dependence, manifesting as craving for the drug, steadily increasing quantity of consumption unrelated to disease progress and continued use despite harm. ...

What price would the Afghan morphine have in the domestic and international market?

The Afghan Government will purchase all the locally-produced morphine medicines from the Poppy for Medicine project participants for USD 3,000 per kilo. After packaging and labelling the medicines, the Afghan Government would be able to sell Afghan-made morphine to foreign governments. These foreign governments would be able to provide Afghan-made medicines for as little as 9 US cents per 10 milligram dose.

How do you differentiate morphine in poppy seeds from other sources?

It can be very difficult. Here's how the thinking works. A medical review officer will not call a test positive unless there are clinical symptoms of use which can be difficult to prove. If the quantitation of morphine in the urine is less than 2,000 ng/ml then poppy seeds are a likely explanation. The DOT and all federal testing uses a 2000 ng/mL cutoff for this very reason! Although the possibility is unlikely, there have been cases of poppy seeds causing positives as high as 5000 ng/ml. ...

Q. What are the differences in payment for morphine?

The payment for morphine depends upon the coding and whether it is being administered through durable medical equipment (pump). 1. When coded as J2275-KD (administered through durable medical equipment), the 2005 Medicare reimbursement allowable for the morphine is $4.39/10 mg. 2. When coded as J3490, Medicare reimburses the morphine (and saline if added) based upon the invoice cost.

What drugs could interfere and cause a positive morphine (opiates) test?

Codeine and Meperidine are structurally related to morphine therefore causing positive results. Codeine is a commonly prescribed pain medication and is also the active ingredient in some prescription cough medicines. These forms of codeine can also be addictive and abused.
Source: bp.kmdc.ru

What is an Intrathecal Pump Implant ("Spinal Morphine Pump")?

An Intrathecal Pump is a specialized device, which delivers concentrated amounts of medication(s) into spinal cord area via a small catheter (tubing).

Does hospice rely solely on morphine to control pain?

No. Hospice uses a wide range of pain management techniques including simple analgesics, anti-depressants, anti-convulsants, opiods, hot and cold compresses, distraction and massage. Each patient is individually assessed in terms of his/her pain management needs, and a pain management regimen is devised in accordance with his/her wishes. Pain management is a central concern in hospice, and hospice nurses routinely assess pain during every visit. ...

Q) What is Morphine addiction?

A) Morphine is highly addictive. Tolerance (the need for higher and higher doses to maintain the same effect) and physical and psychological dependence develop quickly. Withdrawal from morphine causes nausea, tearing, yawning, chills, and sweating lasting up to three days. Morphine crosses the placental barrier, and babies born to morphine-using mothers go through withdrawal. Addictive drugs activate the brain’s reward systems. ...

Q) How is Morphine used?

A) Morphinecan be taken orally in tablet form, and can also injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or intravenously; the last is the route preferred by those who are dependent on morphine.
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