Relevant answers to your frequent questions...

Inventions: Frequently Asked Questions

Can inventions be copyrighted?

No, you will need to apply for a patent. For further advice on patents, contact either, the UK Patent Office, or one of the Solicitors on our panel, who specialise in Intellectual Property Law.

Are the Powerforms inventions that are “channeled”?

Channeling implies opening to a source of information outside of the self. I do not believe this to be the highest way to work. Rather, we all have the capacity to draw upon the universal knowingness within us. The universe is truly within us all. Through communication with the inner intelligence, it is possible to work both creatively and methodically to develop inventions, concepts, and realities.

Which inventions can be patented?

According to Article 1 of the Law of Patents and Inventions; an invention can be a product, a machine, a tool or a manufacturing process, as long as it does not fall within any of the prohibited categories or within the exclusion of patentability detailed below.

How are inventions assessed?

UChicagoTech's decision process involves assessing the commercialization potential of the invention along a number of axes. Considerations include how "encumbered" the invention is (meaning for instance, that due to the terms of the research sponsorship or of the materials used, there may be limited freedom to commercialize), what the potential is for intellectual property protection for the invention, what the worth of the invention may be in the marketplace, and the wishes of the inventor(s).

Who owns the inventions?

Mines owns all invention created by researchers in their areas of expertise. This includes all intellectual property developed through projects sponsored by the state, federal agencies or private industry. Mines does not assert ownership of traditional scholarly works such as articles, books, works of art and music or inventions made outside of the research field of expertise for which they were hired.

How can inventions be protected?

If the invention is a solution to a technical problem it can be protected within the framework of the Patent Law. A patent is granted for new industrially applicable innovations as long as they are not in any way part of the existing state of the art. The patent law sets clear conditions for the granting of a patent: It must be a part of technology, must be industrially applicable, and must be considered new and inventive. The invention patent grants protection for a maximum of 20 years.

Are all types of inventions patentable?

No, certain types of inventions can not be patented. For example, any invention that is not new or novel can not be patented. Simple discoveries of truths existing in nature are not patentable. Obscene inventions can not be patented. Inventions that threaten national security will not be patented. Inventions that are not useful, such as so-called perpetual motion machines are not patentable. Also, inventions that are simply an obvious combination of existing technology will not be granted a patent.

Who can search the Database for new inventions?

Any company who visits our web site can search it for new inventions. They can then contact the inventor directly or contact us, and we'll give them the name and phone number of the inventor for the products that they're interested in. It is then between you and the licensee to negotiate a licensing agreement. We do not charge the licensing company because this would reduce the number of companies who search our site.

What were Edison's major inventions and developments?

His most famous inventions were the phonograph, electric pen, practical incandescent light bulb, carbon button transmitter for the telephone, fluoroscope, electrical distribution system for lighting, improved electric train, improved stock ticker, kinescope, and most importantly, the research-and-development laboratory.

What are the options for the commercialization of inventions?

The holder of an invention has several options to commercially exploit his invention. Those options include: Retaining the invention as a trade secret if this is possible, and exploit it directly or license (or assign) the secret to another person. Obtaining a patent for the invention in the country or countries in which it is to be exploited, and directly work on commercial production using the invention. This can be done, for example, by starting a new enterprise. ...

Does NCSU file international patents on inventions?

Although international patent prosecution is extremely expensive, NCSU does file international patents on some inventions, depending on the level of licensing interest, the overall market size and the potential market share for the technology.

Are all inventions included in the database?

More historic inventions patented by Cincinnati inventors will be entered in the database. Note, many inventions are never patented. Unless an inventor applies for a patent and receives patent protection, the invention won’t be included.

Why should I patent my inventions?

Inventors have many reasons to obtain patents for their inventions. The chief reason is to make money from an invention. In the ultimate analysis, obtaining a patent is not worth the effort or money if nobody else will ever use the patented invention. However, if an invention is successful, it will be imitated and if the invention is not patented, the inventor will not participate in the profits of his or her competitors. ...

What types of inventions do you accept?

In general, Invention City prefers products that have patent potential. We will also consider mass market items that can be commercialized inexpensively and have a fast payback. These items tend to be things you might see in catalogs and/or on TV. They tend to sell for upwards of $20 retail, cost 1/5 of retail to manufacture and solve a "problem" that most people can relate to (and want solved). If you feel that your idea fits within the guidelines stated above please submit it to us.

Does TCO file for foreign patents on inventions?

TCO does file foreign patents on inventions, depending on the level of licensing interest, the overall market size and the potential market share for the technology. Typically, only licensed technologies will be considered for foreign filings.

What is UM's policy on ownership of inventions?

The basic policy is stated in Regents' Bylaw 3.10. A copy of that Bylaw can be found at the following website:

Does Research Corporation currently handle inventions?

Although for many years Research Corporation did maintain an invention administration program for academic inventors and their institutions, in 1987 Research Corporation's invention administration program became the genesis for Research Corporation Technologies (RCT), a wholly independent company whose business is technology transfer.

Who negotiates licenses for PHS inventions?

OTT negotiates licenses for NIH and FDA inventions. This includes CRADA-subject inventions and licenses for technology developed by NIH or FDA intramural scientists.

What types of discoveries or inventions are eligible for patenting?

Those inventions or discoveries that satisfy the standards set forth in the patent law are eligible for patenting. In most instances, the Patent Office will be looking for novelty (new discoveries or inventions as compared to traditional technologies) and progressiveness (drastic progress from traditional technologies).

What kinds of inventions can be protected?

An invention must, generally, satisfy the following conditions: it must have practical utilization, it must be present, likewise, an element of novelty, some new characteristic unknowledge in its technical environment. This body of knowledgment is called "state of the art" or "prior art" . The invention must present an inventive step that can not be deduced by a person having ordinary skill in the art. Finally, the matter must be accepted as "patentable" according to the laws. ...

What is the University’s policy on patentable inventions?

The patent policy of the University is contained in its Collected Rules and Regulations. For more information, you can go here

How innovations and inventions are usually protected?

They are usually protected with Patents (Right granted by the Government to exclude others from making, using or selling products and services for a period of time) or Trade Secrets (where secrets safeguarded from disclosure to the public by appropriate company policies and procedures), Enabling publications (placement of inventions into the public domain to protect and enhance the value of IP Portfolios and a low cost way to protect Open Source technologies) or they do nothing (but the risk is that someone else could p... ...

Do you buy inventions?

We do not buy inventions, or represent inventors. Most of our businesses do not involve inventions or patent licensing.

Can all inventions be patented?

Generally, to get patented an invention must be linked with the composition, construction or manufacture of a substance or article or apparatus, or with an industrial process, as it may distinct from artistic creations, mathematical methods, business schemes or other purely mental acts. In addition, certain categories of invention are specifically excluded from patenting ability.

What are the main areas of inventions?

· Our inventions and product categories are available on this web site’s invention page

What kind of inventions can be patented?

To be eligible to receive a patent, an invention must fall into one or more statutory classes that are established by laws that may be collectively termed the 'Patent Statutes'. The statutory classes are a machine, a process or method, an article of manufacture, a composition of matter, or an improvement thereof. In addition to fitting into one or more of these categories, your invention must have some kind of utility and not be obvious. ...

Should all inventions apply for patents?

Not necessarily. All patents must be open to the general public. Upon expiration of a patent term, the subject invention can used by any member of the public. Some companies deem the secrecy of their inventions of ultimate importance, and therefore opt not seeking patent protection. The recipe of Coca Cola is one well known example of this.

Are USC inventions ready for the market?

As a university, USC's expertise is in teaching and research. Some of the technologies and inventions we have available for licensing are ready for commercial use today. We are always looking to work closely with investors and entrepreneurs to put together a commercialization strategy or start-up team.

Who owns inventions of outside contractors?

In some instances, companies hire outside contractors to help work on research or development projects. If a contractor invents something, then ownership of the invention may be a complicated question. Under ideal conditions, all inventors concerned will have signed an agreement assigning invention rights to the employer.

What inventions cannot be patented in China?

According to Article 5 and Article 25 of the Chinese Patent Law, the following items are unpatentable in China: any invention-creation that is contrary to the laws of the state or social morality or that is detrimental to public interest scientific discoveries rules and methods for mental activities methods for the diagnosis or for the treatment of diseases animal and plant varieties substances obtained by means of nuclear transformation
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